Melatonin is a hormone in your body that plays a role in sleep. The production and release of melatonin in the brain is connected to time of day, increasing when it’s dark and decreasing when it’s light. Melatonin production declines with age.
Melatonin is also available as a supplement, typically as an oral tablet or capsule. Most melatonin supplements are made in a lab.
People commonly use melatonin for sleep disorders, such as insomnia and jet lag.
Each 1 mL contains 2 mg of Melatonin.
Research on melatonin use for specific conditions shows:
- Circadian rhythm sleep disorders in the blind. Melatonin can help improve these disorders in adults and children.
- Delayed sleep phase (delayed sleep-wake phase sleep disorder). In this disorder, your sleep pattern is delayed two hours or more from a conventional sleep pattern, causing you to go to sleep later and wake up later. Research shows that melatonin reduces the length of time needed to fall asleep and advances the start of sleep in adults and children with this condition. Talk to your child’s doctor before giving melatonin to a child.
- Insomnia. Research suggests that melatonin might slightly reduce the time it takes to fall asleep, but its effects on sleep quality and total sleep time aren’t clear. Melatonin might be more beneficial for older adults who could be melatonin deficient.
- Jet lag. Evidence shows that melatonin can improve jet lag symptoms, such as alertness and daytime sleepiness.
- Shift work disorder. It’s not clear whether melatonin can improve daytime sleep quality and duration in people whose jobs require them to work outside the traditional morning to evening schedule.
Dosage and route of administration:
Dose: What the doctor recommends. Intravenous route of administration.
Store between 68°F and 77°F, Keep in a cool and dry place away from heat, humidity and light.